11th Armored Cavalry
(The Blackhorse Regiment)

Lineage and Honors Information as of 2 November 2001

11th ARMORED CAVALRY LINEAGE

Constituted 2 February 1901 in the Regular Army as the 11th Cavalry

Organized 11 March 1901 at Fort Myer, Virginia

Assigned in August 1927 to the 3d Cavalry Division

Relieved in March 1933 from assignment to the 3d Cavalry Division

Assigned in October 1933 to the 2d Cavalry Division

Relieved in October 1940 from assignment to the 2d Cavalry Division

Inactivated 15 July 1942 at Fort Benning, Georgia; personnel and equipment concurrently transferred to the 11th Armored Regiment (see ANNEX 1)

Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 11th Cavalry, redesignated 19 April 1943 as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 11th Cavalry Group, Mechanized

Activated 5 May 1943 at Camp Anza, California

(Remainder of the 11th Cavalry disbanded 26 October 1944)

Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 11th Cavalry Group, Mechanized, converted and redesignated 1 May 1946 as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 11th Constabulary Regiment

Reorganized and redesignated 2 February 1948 as Headquarters and Headquarters and Service Troop, 11th Constabulary Regiment

Converted and redesignated 30 November 1948 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 11th Armored Cavalry, and inactivated in Germany; organization of the 11th Armored Cavalry (inactive) completed 30 November 1948 by reconstitution and/or redesignation of elements of the 11th Cavalry and Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 1st Constabulary Regiment (see ANNEX 2)

Consolidated 8 January 1951 with the 11th Tank Battalion (see ANNEX 1) and consolidated unit designated as the 11th Armored Cavalry

Activated 1 August 1951 at Camp Carson, Colorado

(95th Tank Battalion [see ANNEX 1] consolidated 1 October 1958 with the 3d Battalion, 11th Armored Cavalry)

(Air Troop inactivated 20 March 1972 in Vietnam; 2d Squadron inactivated 6 April 1972 in Vietnam; Air Troop and 2d Squadron activated 17 May 1972 in Germany)

Placed 17 June 1986 under the United States Army Regimental System

Inactivated 15 October 1993 - 15 March 1994 in Germany

Activated 16 October 1994 (less 3d and 4th Squadrons; the Air Defense Artillery Battery; and the Howitzer Batteries, 1st and 2d Squadrons) at Fort Irwin, California

ANNEX 1

Constituted 11 July 1942 in the Army of the United States as the 11th Armored Regiment and assigned to the 10th Armored Division

Activated 15 July 1942 at Fort Benning, Georgia, with personnel and equipment from the 11th Cavalry

Regiment broken up 20 September 1943 and its elements reorganized and redesignated a follows:

Regiment (less the 3d Battalion, Band, and Maintenance, Service, and Reconnaissance Companies) as the 11th Tank Battalion, an element of the 10th Armored Division

3d Battalion as the 712th Tank Battalion and relieved from assignment to the 10th Armored Division

Maintenance and Service Companies and Band disbanded

(Reconnaissance Company as Troop E, 90th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized - hereafter separate lineage)

After 20 September 1943 the above units underwent changes as follows:

11th Tank Battalion inactivated 13 October 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia
Relieved
8 January 1951 from assignment to the 10th Armored Division

712th Tank Battalion inactivated 27 October 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey
Reorganized and redesignated 1 September 1948 as the 525th Medium Tank Battalion and allotted to the Regular Army
Activated 10 September 1948 at Fort Lewis, Washington
Inactivated 15 December 1948 at Fort Lewis, Washington
Redesignated 4 February 1950 as the 95th Tank Battalion and assigned to the 7th Armored Division
Activated 24 November 1950 at Camp Roberts, California
Inactivated 15 November 1953 at Camp Roberts, California

ANNEX 2

Constituted 19 July 1943 in the Army of the United States as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 11th Tank Group

Activated 28 July 1943 at Camp Campbell, Kentucky

Reorganized and redesignated 5 December 1943 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 11th Armored Group

Converted and redesignated 1 May 1946 as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 1st Constabulary Regiment

Inactivated 20 September 1947 in Germany

Converted and redesignated 30 November 1948 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3d Battalion, 11th Armored Cavalry

11th Armored Cavalry Honors

Campaign Participation Credit

Philippine Insurrection: Samar 1902

Mexican Expedition: Mexico 1916-1917

World War II: Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe

Vietnam: Counteroffensive, Phase II; Counteroffensive, Phase III; Tet Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase IV; Counteroffensive, Phase V; Counteroffensive, Phase VI; Tet 69/Counteroffensive; Summer-Fall 1969; Winter-Spring 1970; Sanctuary Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase VII

Southwest Asia: Cease-Fire

Headquarters Troop, 2d Squadron; Troops E, F, and G; and Company H, each additionally entitled to:

Vietnam: Consolidation I; Consolidation II; Cease-Fire

DECORATIONS

Entire Regiment, including all attached units:

Valorous Unit Award for BINH LONG-BIEN HOA, 31 January 5 February, 1968 (DA General Order 28, 1968, amended by DAGO 12, 1969)

Valorous Unit Award for FISH HOOK, 1 May 29 June, 1970 (DAGO 43, 1972)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM, 7 September 1966 10 August 1968 (DAGO 60, 1969)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM, 1 May 1969 15 February 1970 (DAGO 50, 1971)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM, 1 March 30 October 1970 (DAGO 55, 1971)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM,  8 February 1962 to 28 March 1973 (DAGO 8, 1974)*

Air Cavalry Troop additionally entitled to:

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 24 February 19 May 1971 (DAGO 42, 1972)

1st Platoon, Air Cavalry Troop additionally entitled to:

Presidential Unit Citation for DUC HOA, 12 March 1 April 1968 (DAGO 69, 1969)

1st Squadron (with all assigned units) additionally entitled to:

Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for HAU NGHIA-BINH DUONG, 11 May 2 June 1968 (DAGO 45, 1969)

Troop A additionally entitled to:

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM, 1 November 31 December 1970 (DAGO 42, 1972)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM, 21 February 1970 28 February 1971 (DAGO 42, 1972)

Troop B additionally entitled to:

Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for GIA RAY, 21 November 21 December 1966 (DAGO 45, 1969)

Troop C additionally entitled to:

Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for GIA RAY, 21 November 21 December 1966 (DAGO 45, 1969)

2nd Squadron (with all assigned units) additionally entitled to:

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM, 1 November 1970 18 December 1971 (DAGO 8, 1974)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM, 26 September 10 October 1971 (DAGO 54, 1974)

Troop F additionally entitled to:

Valorous Unit Award for AN LOC, 19 20 June 1969 (DAGO 53, 1970)

Company H additionally entitled to:

Valorous Unit Award for AN LOC, 18 June 1969 (DAGO 53, 1970)

3rd Squadron (with all assigned units) additionally entitled to:

Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for DUC HOA, 12 March 1 April 1968 (DAGO 69, 1969)

Valorous Unit Award, 19 June and 21 July, 1967 (DAGO 1, 1969)

Meritorious Unit Commendation, 13 September 1966 31 May 1967 (DAGO 32, 1969)

Troop I additionally entitled to:

Valorous Unit Award for MICHELIN PLANTATION, 23 25 May 1969 (DAGO 50, 1971)

Valorous Unit Award for AN LOC, 17 20 June 1969 (DAGO 53, 1970)

Troop K additionally entitled to:

Valorous Unit Award for AN LOC, 17 20 June 1969 (DAGO 53, 1970)

Company M additionally entitled to:

Valorous Unit Award for AN LOC, 19 and 20 June 1969 (DAGO 53, 1970)

 

Howitzer Battery additionally entitled to:

Valorous Unit Award for AN LOC, 19 and 20 June 1969 (DAGO 53, 1970)

* According to the Department of the Army General Order DA GO 8 1974 the Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation with Palm was awarded to Headquarters U. S. Military Assistance Command (MACV) and all its subordinate units during the period  8 FEB 1962 to 28 MAR 1973.  All military personnel who were assigned to units serving in-country Vietnam during this period were considered assigned to MACV and its subordinate units, regardless of service or component.  Under DA GO 43 1970 the Vietnam Cross of Gallantry was awarded to all military personnel of all branches who served in-country Vietnam between 1 MAR 1961 and 28 MAR 1973 and to U.S. Army Vietnam and its subordinate units for the period 20 JUL 1965 to 28 MAR 1973.  Both of these DAGOs should be listed in Army Pamphlet 672-3 which contains all units specifically cited and is the guideline used by NPRC for making corrections to DD-214s. 

 

SOURCES:

Lineage:        US Army Center for Military History  ( http://www.army.mil/cmh/ )

11th Armored Cavalry Regiment

http://www.history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/lineages/branches/cav/011acr.htm

 

Honors:         Army Pamphlet 672-3

 

Compiled By:           Donald Snedeker       

Last Updated:          January 30, 2009

 

 

 

 

Award:          Presidential Unit Citation

Type:             Ribbon and streamer

Eligibility:      Military units

Awarded for: "Gallantry, determination, and esprit de corps in accomplishing its mission under extremely difficult and hazardous conditions."

 

 

 

Award:          Valorous Unit Award

Type:             Ribbon and Streamer

Eligibility:      Combatant Military Unit

Awarded for: "Extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States of America."

 

 

 

Award:          Meritorious Unit Commendation

Type:             Ribbon and Streamer

Eligibility:      Military Unit

Awarded for: "Exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding service, heroic deeds, or valorous actions."

 

 


 

Award:          Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm

Type:             Ribbon and Medal

 

 

Criteria: a. U.S. Military units were individually cited for award of the Republic of Vietnam (RVN) Gallantry Cross; however, the Vietnamese Government issued the award to all units subordinate to Military Assistance Command (MACV) during the period 8 February 1962 and 28 March 1973 and to U.S. Army Vietnam and its subordinate units for the period 20 July 1965 to 28 March 1973. This permits all personnel who served in Vietnam to wear the RVN Gallantry Cross unit citation.

        b. The medal was awarded by the Vietnam Government to military personnel who have accomplished deeds of valor or displayed heroic conduct while fighting the enemy and have been cited individually at the regiment, brigade, division, corps, or armed forces level.